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South African Child “Practically Cured” Of HIV For 9 Years

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A child born with HIV has been "functionally cured" of the virus in the past nine years. The South African child was able to live nearly a decade without taking medication for the disease, which is only the third case of a child who remains in remission without detectable levels of HIV for some time.

The child was first treated in 2007 and, as part of a trial was randomly allocated 40 weeks of antiretroviral drugs with 143 other babies. Once the treatment was complete, the infection remained imperceptible in the child's circulatory system and remained so important from this point. None of the other children showed the same results.

The case was compared to that of the "Baby Mississippi" who in 2010 was treated for HIV infection from birth at the time he was a year and a half old. After a certain time without prescription, HIV infection was still undetectable. By 2014, unfortunately, the tests revealed that the virus had surfaced again.

The researchers were puzzled that the "cure" did not last to the Mississippi baby, so this time they are urging a lot of caution. They do not recommend that the child be completely cured and have been able to identify the infection in a modest depot in a few cells of the insensitive frame. However, since the child has no evidence of HIV infection, it appears that the child can be "cured functionally."

"More study is needed to learn how to induce long-term HIV remission in infected infants," Anthony S Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) told The Guardian. "This new case, however, reinforces our hope that by treating children infected with HIV for a brief period beginning in infancy, we can save them from the burden of life-long therapy and health consequences Of activation Long-term immune system associated with HIV disease ."

Doctors are still not sure what is going on in the immune system of these children. There are known cases where some people - especially sex workers - resist infection. These people have not been contaminated with the virus, although they are regularly exposed.

The fascinating thing about this last child, however, is that he does not share the same genetic markers as these immune individuals, which recommends that there be another type of invulnerability happening. The team hopes that by examining the child more, she can broaden her knowledge of how to convince the body to control and fight the virus. This could stimulate better drugs or even the Holy Grail of a vaccine.
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